New long-term study shows 40% decline in native Wyoming deer population due to oil and gas drilling

An important new study shows that oil and gas activity can have severe negative long-term impacts on native wildlife.

click to enlarge

The study, “Mule deer and energy development—Long-term trends of habituation and abundance,” was published last month in Global Change Biology Journal. The authors tracked 187 mule deer for 17 years from 1998-2015 in the upper Green River Basin of western Wyoming, referred to as the Pinedale Anticline. The area is a prime wintering spot for thousands of mule deer, which annually migrate 20-100 miles from summer areas in four different mountain ranges.

The area comprises mostly federal lands (85%) administered by the Bureau of Land Management. Before 2001, this area was relatively undisturbed, with few roads and minimal human activity. Then, in July of 2000, the BLM approved development of 700 producing well pads, 645 km of pipeline, and 444 km of access roads. An additional 4400 wells were approved in 2008.

Photo: Dan Cepeda, Casper Star-Tribune

The results of the study are startling:

  • Click to enlarge

    The deer avoided the wells, staying 2-3 km away during most of the period studied. This avoidance led to a decrease in the habitat available to the deer. Well pad and road construction resulted in direct habitat loss to mule deer winter range of approximately 2,360 acres or 3.5% of the study area.

  • The mule deer population on the Pinedale Anticline declined by 36% over the 15-year development period.
  • The reduction in the herds led to a decline of 45% in the deer harvest taken by hunters during the period. Dale Gillespie, 57, who has hunted in the area all his life, says he hasn’t shot a deer in a decade. “You will lose generations of hunters,” he said. “If they don’t see anything, they will lose interest in the sport.”
  • The remaining deer are much smaller. They have declined in size by 40% since before the oil and gas boom.

The relationship between oil and gas development and the decline of the mule deer population in Wyoming represents one of the many unintended consequences of fossil fuel development. Communities contemplating or beginning development need to be aware of the importance of preserving the natural balance of each community’s way of life — ecological, social, economic — for the long term.

Download the study

Posted in Fracking Information, Health information | Tagged , , , | 2 Comments

Money is why Trump pulled out of the Paris Climate Agreement

President Trump announced today that the United States will withdraw from the 2015 Paris Agreement, a landmark agreement in which 195 countries, representing 95% of the world’s carbon emissions, agreed to voluntarily reduce emissions to control global warming. The US joins Syria and Nicaragua as the only three nations in the world not participating. Nice company.

Courtesy The Age

There is no question why Trump took this course. It has nothing to do with science (or he wouldn’t have taken this action). It has nothing to do with an “America First” foreign policy doctrine.

It’s about money. This week 22 US Senators wrote the President asking him to pull out of the agreement. Implementing the agreement, the letter said, would create “burdensome regulations” that would hinder oil, gas, and coal exploration, and keep Trump from rescinding the Clean Power Plan.

And who  were these 22 Senators? Big recipients of contributions from the oil and coal industries, that’s who. Pulling out of Paris is a way for politicians who have been bought by fossil fuel industries to protect their sugar daddies.  The chart below was created from data at, totalling donations from the 22 signatories in the 2012, 2014, and 2016 election cycles.

You have to wonder what these men will tell their grandchildren about the ultimate cost of choosing money over the environment.

You can tell them what you think at the ballot box in 2018 and beyond.

Related: From Washington to Helena, we subsidize the most profitable oil companies with billions of dollars of tax breaks and unnecessary subsidies

Posted in Climate change | Tagged , , | 2 Comments

Public opposition is going to keep the Keystone XL Pipeline from being built any time soon

If you thought Donald Trump was going to wave a magic wand and get the Keystone XL Pipeline built, you should recognize that there is no magic and the pipeline isn’t going to be constructed any time soon.

Ross Girling, CEO Transcanada Corp.

TransCanada Corp, the principal builder of Keystone XL, is still not prepared to offer a firm timeline for the completion of the Keystone XL pipeline, its top executive said last week, even though President Trump granted the project a permit.  According to TransCanada CEO Ross Girling, the pipeline sits in the company’s “long-term bucket” because of the remaining difficulty in getting it done. One of the key difficulties is the strong opposition of those concerned about the environmental impact of the pipeline.

“We’ve been at (the Keystone XL) for a long time, so it’s hard to say with any credibility that we’re going to get it done by a date,” Girling told the company’s annual general meeting last Friday. He said that the company will focus on current projects instead.

Background: Keystone XL Pipeline
The Keystone Pipeline System runs from the oil sands of Alberta to refineries in Nebraska, Illinois and Texas. It carries synthetic crude oil (syncrude) and diluted bitumen (dilbit) from the oil sands as well as light crude from the Bakken region in North Dakota and Montana.

The Keystone Oil Pipeline
(Click to enlarge)

Three phases of the project are in operation and the fourth, the controversial Keystone XL, would deliver oil from Hardesty, Alberta to  Steele City, Nebraska, cutting directly through the Bakken area in Montana. The fourth phase was rejected by President Obama in 2015 after environmentalists argued it would spur the development of Alberta’s oil sands and worsen climate change.

President Trump’s January 24, 2017 order to permit the pipeline is not all that is required to get it built. The fight is far from over in Nebraska, the one state in its path that has yet to approve the project.

The pipeline must still be approved by the Nebraska Public Service Commission, which faces strong opposition from environmental groups and Native American tribes. They are concerned about the fragile Sandhills, and the Ogallala Aquifer, a huge groundwater supply. Despite general political approval in Nebraska, the activists have held off the Keystone XL to date through lawsuits, state and federal hearings, and the threat of protests patterned after those against the Dakota Access Pipeline showdown in North Dakota.


Public opposition has kept the Keystone XL from being built so far, and it will continue to stand in the way, despite whatever the current administration in Washington wants to do. TransCanada recognizes that it will take years to clear all the hurdles, and Trump’s order can be reversed by a subsequent US president, so the company is not willing to take unnecessary risk in committing to the pipeline.

Resistance works.

What you can do: Write the Nebraska Public Service Commission. Take the time today.

Update 7/28/2017: TransCanada may decide not to build Keystone XL, Lincoln (NE) Journal Star


Posted in Community Organization, Politics and History | Tagged , , , | 5 Comments

New scientific study shows fracking is strongly related to infant mortality

A new study published this week in the Journal of Environmental Protection shows, for the first time, a clear correlation between fracking and the death of newborn infants.

To download the study, click on the photo

The study investigated the association between fracking and the deaths of infants aged 0-28 days by county in Pennslyvania. The researchers compared early infant mortality during the period 2007-2010, after the fracking boom was in full swing, with a control period 2003-2006, before widespread fracking began. It further compared results in the ten most heavily fracked counties with the rest of Pennsylvania.

The study showed that infant deaths decreased by 2.4% across the state during this period. However, in the 82,558 births in the ten most-fracked counties, there was a significant increase in mortality (238 vs. 193, a 23.3% increase). These results are statistically significant at a 95% level of confidence.

Counties included in the study are the ones with the greatest activity, designated in red

According to the researchers, “There were about 50 more babies who died in these 10 counties than would have been predicted if the rate had been the same over the period as all of Pennsylvania, where the incidence rate fell over the same period.”

 Take a moment to grasp the significance of this. 50 babies died over three years because they happened to be born near a fracked well.

What caused these deaths?
As with many early scientific studies, this study proves only the correlation, not the direct cause of death. This is the way the scientific method works. The initial study shows a correlation; future studies will be required to show a direct cause.

However, data in the study directs areas for future research. The authors suggest that the process of fracking creates produced water, the combination of chemicals injected into the ground by drillers and naturally occurring radioactive chemicals from shale. These chemicals include radium, uranium, thorium, and radon.

According to the authors, “This produced water and backflow returns to the surface with a high load of dissolved and suspended solids including naturally occurring radioactive elements….The contaminated water has to be safely disposed of but this is often associated with violations of legal disposal constraints.”

In other words, the fracking process produces radioactive material that is sometimes not disposed of properly.

There is additional data in the study that suggests why this is important. The ten most fracked counties are split geographically: five are located in the northeastern part of Pennsylvania; five are located in the southwest. The increased rate of infant mortality in the five northeast counties was very large: from 36 to 60, a statistically significant 67%. In the five southwest counties, the increase was from 157 to 178, a much smaller 18%.

What the authors discovered was that what separated the two geographical areas was their reliance on private water wells. In the northeast, the number of water wells per birth ranged from 4.9 to 13.1, while in the southwest, there were many fewer, from 1.1  to 3 per birth.

In other words, many more families relied on private wells in the area where there was the largest increase in infant deaths.

Furthermore, they looked at violations of Pennsylvania laws on water disposal, and discovered that there were many more violations in the northeast than in the southwest, as shown in the chart below from the study:

So this is where the research points us.

In heavily fracked areas where there are more private wells and more violations of disposal laws, there are many more infant deaths.

Christopher Busby, one of the authors, concludes, “A major component of early infant mortality is congenital malformation, e.g., heart, neurological, and kidney defects. These are known to be caused by exposures to Radium and Uranium in drinking water.

“Infant death rates were significantly high in highly-fracked counties in northeast Pennsylvania, those with the greatest density of private water wells, suggesting it is drinking water contamination driving the effect.”

Joseph Mangano, the other principal researcher, added: “These results raise serious questions about potential health hazards of fracking, especially since the fetus and infant are most susceptible to environmental pollutants. This is a public health issue which should be investigated wherever fracking is being carried out or proposed.”

What are the implications for communities dealing with fracking in Montana?
These results add to the growing weight of evidence that we need to develop strong regulations to protect Montana landowners from the potential danger of poorly-controlled oil and gas operations:

  •  In Stillwater and Carbon Counties, there are no public water systems outside of the larger towns. In fact, in the area covered by the proposed Stillwater zone, all residents depend on private wells. This is similar to the situation in the northeast counties in Pennsylvania, where the greatest increase in deaths occurred.
  • We know that the driller most frequently associated with fracking in Stillwater and Carbon Counties, Energy Corporation of America, is one of those frequent violators in Pennsylvania. Their record is long and suspect — from 2005-2014, that company had 66 inspections with violations, 90 separate violations, and 55 enforcement actions, with fines totaling over $80,000 in Pennsylvania . You can download the report by clicking here. According to the report, many of the violations occurred in the ten counties in Pennsylvania that were studied.
  • We know that Montana has lax rules for water protection, and for notifying landowners of the chemicals used in fracking.
  • There are many spills that take place every year in oil and gas operations in Montana.

Any community in Montana that allows oil and gas operations must take precautions to protect itself.

In Stillwater County, Commissioners are currently evaluating a zone proposal by local residents that would establish regulations to protect the County’s water, agricultural/ranch land, and public health. They will hold a public hearing to the zone later this summer.

More to come…

Related: Unknown unknowns: the disturbing case of Vernal, Utah



Posted in Community Organization, Politics and History, Health impacts | Tagged , , , , , | 2 Comments

New study shows much higher number of oil well spills than previously reported

Warning: This article is based on peer-reviewed scientific research. Science deniers may want to read elsewhere.

A new study by US scientists shows that as many of 16% of hydraulically fractured oil and gas wells spill liquids every year. According to the study, there were at least 6,648 liquid releases from these wells over a ten-year period from 2005-14 in just four states — North Dakota, Colorado, Pennsylvania and New Mexico.

This number is much higher than in a 2015 EPA study, which found only 457 spills in eight states during the period 2006-12.

This spill near Williston released nearly three million gallons of produced water onto surrounding farmland. Photo: Chester Dawson, Wall Street Journal

This spill near Williston released nearly three million gallons of produced water onto surrounding farmland. Photo: Chester Dawson, Wall Street Journal

Study looked at entire life cycle of wells
The reason for the discrepancy, according to a BBC interview with lead author Dr. Lauren Patterson of Duke University, is that “the EPA just looked at spills from the hydraulic fracturing process itself, which is just a few days to a few weeks. We’re looking at spills at unconventional wells from the time of the drilling through production, which could be decades.”

The study, “Unconventional Oil and Gas Spills: Risks, Mitigation Priorities, and State Reporting Requirements,” was published in Environmental Science and Technology on February 21, 2017.

Spill pathways
Over the life cycle of a well, spills can come from many sources. The authors classified these “pathways” as follows:

  • Blowouts
  • Drilling equipment, such as rigs, shakers, and active mud systems
  • Completion equipment, including blenders, flowback equipment, chemical totes, and storage containers for chemicals
  • Tanks used to temporarily store wastewater and crude oil.
  • Pits used to temporarily store drill cuttings, wastewater, and crude oil
  • Flowlines that carry fluids from the wellhead to and between equipment such as tanks, blenders, pits, and injection wells.
  • Transportation spills that occur in the loading and unloading of materials between trucks and a tank or pit
  • Pumps used to move fluid or gas by pressure or suction
  • Heater-Treaters that use heat to break oil-water emulsions to prepare oil for transportation
  • Stuffing Boxes are devices that prevent leakage at the wellhead from valves, pistons, etc.
  • Wellhead spills occur at the point where oil is extracted from the ground due to faulty valves, blowout preventers, separators and other wellhead equipment.


The data recorded 4,453 incidents in North Dakota, much higher than Pennsylvania, Colorado and New Mexico. Part of this is due to reporting requirements. In North Dakota, any spill larger than 42 gallons has to be reported, while in Colorado and New Mexico the requirement was 210 gallons.

As you can see from the chart at right, the largest number of spills occur in the first years of operation, with a rate as high as 15-16%. This number is reduced over time, although it settles at 7-9% over many years of operation.

Around 50% of spills were related to the storage and movement of fluids via pipelines. According to Dr. Patterson, “The causes are quite varied. Equipment failure was the greatest factor, the loading and unloading of trucks with material had a lot more human error than other places.”

Over half of spills in North Dakota occurred at wells that had recorded a previous incident.

Industry disputes the data
Industry lobbyists dispute the data, of course. “The reality is that North Dakota requires that companies report any spills that are a barrel or more, even if they never impact the environment – and the vast majority of spills have not,” said Katie Brown from Energy in Depth, a body funded by petroleum producing companies.

“According to the North Dakota Department of Health, 70% of all spills in 2013 were contained on the well pad and never reached land or water.”

Even if you accept the industry data, simple math says that 30% of the spills are not contained on the pad. That’s over 1300 spills  in North Dakota alone during the period studied.

What this means for the Beartooth Front
In a fragile ecosystem highly dependent on concentrated sources of water like the Beartooth Front, this data is highly alarming. It argues for local regulation that protects water, air, and soil required for agriculture and ranching.

That is why residents continue to work with County Commissioners on local ordinances in Carbon and Stillwater counties.

Download the complete study
View graph and chart data on spills


Posted in Fracking Information | Tagged , , | 8 Comments

What a bipartisan solution to climate change might look like

Most of us bemoan the lack of civility, negotiation, and compromise in politics. We’re so polarized that government does almost nothing to solve our most critical problems.

What’s particularly frustrating to those of us who see climate change as a major threat to the future of human civilization is that the clock is ticking. Global temperatures have risen about 1.5° Celsius since the beginning of the industrial age and are continuing to rise. Science tells us that humans are the primary cause.

The impacts will accelerate with each uptick in temperature: rising seas and coastal flooding, longer and more damaging wildfire seasons, more extreme and destructive weather, more frequent and intense heat waves, widespread forest death, costly and growing health impacts, severe drought, stress on clean water systems, disruption of food supplies, and much more.

And yet government does little or nothing to reduce carbon emissions, leaving our children to suffer the consequences.

Bipartisan solutions exist
What makes this so frustrating is that simple and elegant bipartisan solutions to this problem exist.

Just last week a group of conservative Republicans proposed such a solution. The proposers aren’t ideologues or hacks, they’re Republicans with impeccable credentials, including, among others:

  • James Baker, who served in the cabinets of Presidents Reagan and George HW Bush
  • Henry Paulsen, the Secretary of the Treasury under President George W Bush
  • George Schultz, who served in the cabinets of Presidents Nixon and Reagan
  • Martin Feldstein, the Chairman of President Reagan’s Council of Economic Advisors
  • Gregory Mankiw, Chairman of President George W. Bush’s Council of Economic Advisors

The solution they propose is one on which many people on the left and right could find common ground if they were willing to sit down and debate it. The final outcome may not be exactly what the group proposes, but it could be the general framework for a solution to the climate change problem.

PPL Montana's Corette power plant, south of I-90 along the Yellowstone. Photo: James Woodcock, Billings Gazette

PPL Montana’s Corette power plant, south of I-90 along the Yellowstone. Photo: James Woodcock, Billings Gazette

The proposal
The group proposes a “carbon dividends plan,” which has four key components:

  1. A gradually increasing carbon tax. This is a tax on carbon dioxide emissions, to be implemented at the refinery or the first point where fossil fuels enter the economy, meaning the mine, well or port. They propose that a sensible carbon tax might begin at $40 a ton and increase steadily over time, sending a powerful signal to businesses and consumers, while generating revenue to reward Americans for decreasing their collective carbon footprint.
  2. Carbon dividends for all Americans. All the proceeds from the tax would be returned to the American people on an equal and quarterly basis. A family of four would receive approximately $2,000 in carbon dividend payments in the first year. This amount would grow over time as the carbon tax rate increases, creating a positive feedback loop: the more the climate is protected, the greater the individual dividend payments to all Americans.
  3. Border carbon adjustments. Price adjustments for the carbon content of  imports and exports would protect American competitiveness and punish free-riding by other nations, encouraging them to adopt carbon pricing of their own. Exports to countries without comparable carbon pricing systems would receive rebates for carbon taxes paid, while imports from such countries would face fees on the carbon content of their products.
  4. Significant regulatory rollback. The plan assumes that a rising carbon tax would change behavior, and allow for the elimination of regulations that are no longer necessary. For example, much of the EPA’s regulatory authority over carbon dioxide emissions would be phased out, including an outright repeal of the Clean Power Plan.

clean-power-planWhy a carbon tax?
The price of energy from fossil fuels (coal, oil, gas) is determined by market forces.  Oil prices, for example, are set by commodities traders, who bid on oil futures contracts in the commodities market. These contracts are agreements to buy or sell oil at a specific date in the future for an agreed-upon price.

Very simplistically, the primary factors that commodities traders use to develop their bids are:

  • The current supply of oil, based on OPEC quotes, and, increasingly, US shale oil production.
  • The amount of oil reserves held in refineries, in the US strategic oil reserve, or in Saudi Arabia.
  • Oil demand from markets around the world.

However, there is an additional cost of fossil fuels that is not factored into the price. It is the societal cost of releasing carbon into the atmosphere as a byproduct of fossil fuel production. This contributes to global warming, which has significant societal cost (extreme weather, drought, agricultural disruption, sea level rise, and so on).

In economic terms, this cost is called a “negative externality,” a cost that is suffered by a third party as a result of an economic transaction. Society suffers because of the purchase of fossil fuels.

A carbon tax is one mechanism that would price the externality of carbon emissions to make the price of fossil fuels an accurate reflection of all costs. If set correctly, a carbon tax will decrease fossil fuel usage and cause consumers to seek other sources of energy.

A tax of $40 per ton on carbon is substantial. According to Kevin Drum of Mother Jones, who did an analysis of a study by the  Energy Information Administration, it is the equivalent of 40 cents per gallon of gas, and 10 cents per kilowatt-hour of coal-fired power. Such a tax would just about put coal out of business, accelerating existing market forces. It would set natural gas at just about the same price as clean energy sources such as wind and solar, but those prices are coming down. A 40 cent tax on gas would not have as significant an impact, since gas prices are volatile anyway.

Drum estimates that such a tax would enable the United States to meet it 2025 commitments under the Paris Climate Agreement. The US has pledged to cut emissions between 26 and 28 percent compared with 2005 levels by 2025.

Wind turbines at Judith Gap

Wind turbines at Judith Gap

Whether behavior would be changed enough to justify the elimination of regulations such as President Obama’s Clean Power Plan and the EPA’s  Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards is more difficult to calculate. Drum calculates that the $40 carbon tax would be similar in impact to power plant regulation, but not sufficient to justify removal of CAFE standards.

Areas for debate
There are many areas of the Republican plan that I would debate. A carbon tax is not the only way to approach climate change, but it is a rational place to begin the debate.

  • I would push for a tax greater than $40 to accelerate the impact, or corresponding incentives to businesses for energy research and development or to consumers for the purchase of electric cars or solar energy. This would accelerate the changeover of our energy infrastructure and the increase in global termperatures.
  • A carbon tax would be a regressive tax because it would impact those who spend a greater proportion of their incomes on energy. For that reason I would suggest that the rebate program offer more to people with lower incomes to make it progressive.
  • I would argue that some regulations be saved. An example is a tax on methane leakage or oversight for oil and gas activities. I would also want the removal of regulation to be slow — after economic benefits have been clearly proven.

    Colstrip coal plant

    Colstrip coal plant

  • If you’re going to accelerate the demise of fossil fuels, you need to invest in helping individuals and communities deal with the transition. In Montana, there has been a great deal of consternation over the demise of the Colstrip coal facility. This is an inevitability as coal continues its death throes. A plan that takes jobs needs to help people find new ones — training, subsidies and so on.

But…climate denial
So here you have a proposal made by conservative Republicans that Democrats would be willing to debate and compromise on to find a solution to a critical problem.

But it can’t happen. It can’t happen because Republicans in Congress refuse to accept climate change and would never consider such a tax, reasonable as it may be.

And why do Congressional Republicans deny climate change? Well, in large part it’s because they are owned by contributions from the oil and gas industry. The US government provides huge subsidies to Big Oil, and they reciprocate by showering members of Congress with big contributions. Montana Senator Steve Daines, a climate denier, is one of the worst offenders.

Science denial is killing us, and one party is responsible for it. Bipartisan solutions that serve the interests of liberals, conservatives, and all people exist. Reasonable people could agree on them.

And liberals and environmentalists need to get on board with this solution as well, even if it did come from a group of Republicans. A coalition of Democrats and traditional conservative Republicans could tip the scale for action away from the deniers.

It’s time for all of us to take our heads out of the sand, recognize science, and get to work saving the planet.

Posted in Climate change | Tagged , , , , , | 1 Comment

Learning opportunity: Earthworks activist training, Thursday, 2/9 at 6pm

Earthworks, a nonprofit organization dedicated to protecting communities and the environment from the adverse impacts of mineral and energy development, is offering an online training webinar for environmental activists this Thursday, February 9, at 6pm Mountain.

This webinar will cover:

  • What important environmental protections are under threat
  • The most influential ways to make your voice heard on Capitol Hill
  • Effective tools for engaging the Trump administration
  • How your voice in state and local politics is more important than ever

Register for the webinar. If you can’t make this time, you can sign up anyway to receive a recording of the training.

If you’re trying to figure out how to make a difference, this would be a good use of an hour of your time.

EPA employees and environmental activists gather in Chicago, Monday, Feb. 6, 2017, to protest the nomination of Scott Pruitt for administrator of the agency. (AP Photo/Carla K. Johnson)

EPA employees and environmental activists gather in Chicago, Monday, Feb. 6, 2017, to protest the nomination of Scott Pruitt for administrator of the agency. (AP Photo/Carla K. Johnson)

Posted in Community Organization | Tagged , | Leave a comment

24 US Senators are trying to preserve the BLM methane rule. Why isn’t Jon Tester one of them?

Montana Senator Jon Tester did not sign letter regarding repeal of BLM methane rules

Montana Senator Jon Tester did not sign letter regarding repeal of BLM methane rules. Contact him today to make sure he supports retaining these rules (see below)

Twenty-four Senate Democrats, led by U.S. Senators Tom Udall (D-N.M.) and Ron Wyden (D-Ore.), have sent a letter to Senate leaders asking them to defend the Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM) Methane and Natural Gas Waste Prevention Rule. Montana Senator Jon Tester was not among the signees.

The current BLM methane rule was finalized in November, 2016 after months of public comment and industry input. It requires oil and gas producers to use currently available technologies and  processes to cut flaring in half at oil wells on public and tribal lands. Operators also must periodically inspect their operations for leaks, and replace outdated equipment that vents large quantities of gas into the air. Other parts of the rule require operators to limit venting from storage tanks and to use best practices to limit gas losses when removing liquids from wells.

The rule also protects the environment. Without government action, U.S. methane emissions are projected to increase substantially. The rule projects cutting methane emissions by as much as 35%, an important factor in achieving the US commitment to the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement.

What’s wrong with flaring
There are many reasons to be concerned about flaring, the deliberate open-air burning of natural gas:

Gas flaring in the Bakken. Courtesy National Geographic

Gas flaring in the Bakken. Courtesy National Geographic

  • Flaring releases methane, a greenhouse gas that, when released directly into the air, traps heat in the atmosphere. The process of flaring contributes directly to global warming.
  • Flaring has a substantial impact on the health and environment of landowners who live near a flared well. The methane release is smelly, noisy, and, according to the Natural Institute of Health, exposure causes “headache, dizziness, weakness, nausea, vomiting, and loss of coordination” in people and animals. It creates a 24×7 bright light, blocking out the night sky.
  • Flaring is a waste of a precious natural resource. In oil plays, where natural gas is an unwanted byproduct of oil extraction, flaring is common because oil is 30 times more valuable than natural gas. So rather than capture it and take it to market, it is destroyed — hardly an efficient way to treat precious natural resources.

House votes to cut rule
Last Friday the House voted 221-191 to roll back the Interior Department rule that had clamped down on oil companies that burn off natural gas during drilling operations on public lands. The vote was not strictly along party lines, with three Democrats voting in favor of repealing the rule and 11 Republicans opposing. Montana Congressman Ryan Zinke, who is awaiting confirmation as Secretary of the Interior, did not vote.

Proponents of cutting the rule argue that it is causing job losses in energy-dependent states across the West and is undercutting domestic energy production. This is a dubious claim that is not backed up by independent data.

In addition to Udall and Wyden, the letter was signed by Senators Michael F. Bennet (D-Colo.), Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.), Patty Murray (D-Wash.), Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.), Ben Cardin (D-Md.), Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.), Gary Peters (D-Mich.), Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.), Cory A. Booker (N.J.), Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.), Brian Schatz (D-Hawaii), Sheldon Whitehouse (D-R.I.), Al Franken (D-Minn.), Mazie K. Hirono (D-Hawaii), Martin Heinrich (D-N.M.), Tammy Baldwin (D-Wis.), Kirsten Gillibrand (D-N.Y.), Jeanne Shaheen (D-N.H.), Chris Van Hollen (D-Md.), Christopher A. Coons (D-Del.) and Chris Murphy (D-Conn.).

If the Senate votes to cut the rule, it will go to President Trump for signature.

Contact Senator Tester today
The fact that Tester didn’t sign this letter is concerning. To find out where he stands on this issue and to urge him to vote against stopping this important legislation, call him (202) 224-2644, fax to (202) 224-8594, and/or email him here.

The full text of the letter can be found by clicking the link.

Posted in Community Organization, Politics and History | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Action Alert: Prevent the Montana Senate from taking landowner rights

A bill currently being considered in the Montana State Senate significantly reduces landowner rights in protecting property from damage from oil drilling on or near occupied buildings. SB93, currently before the Senate Energy and Telecommunications Committee, would reduce notification requirements approved last year by the Montana Board  of Oil and Gas Conservation (BOGC). Those regulations require oil and gas operators to notify owners of “occupied structures” within a quarter mile of a well before drilling.

The BOGC rule, passed last December, was the result of a 20-month process involving Montana environmental groups, with input from the Montana Petroleum Association. The process grew out of the Legislature’s rejection in the 2015 session of SB177, which would have established a 1000 foot minimum buffer zone, or setback, between wellheads and a home, water well, or surface water. The bill did not make it out of committee.

Following the failure of the bill, Northern Plains Resource Council and others petitioned the BOGC to establish minimum setbacks to protect landowners. After 20 months of hearings, testimony by landowners, and committee meetings, the BOGC passed its new rule last December. The rule requires notification in advance of drilling to any landowner within a quarter mile of a wellhead.

This rule is not particularly landowner-friendly. It does not establish setbacks preventing drilling a certain distance from a wellhead. Montana remains far behind many oil producing states (Wyoming, North Dakota, Colorado, and Mexico, to name a few) in establishing setbacks, as shown in the graphic below.

Source: Resources for the Future, "The State of State Shale Gas Regulations," June 2013

Source: Resources for the Future, “The State of State Shale Gas Regulations,” June 2013

But it is a step forward, and credit should be given to those who put in the hours working on it. The rule does require notification and allows landowners the opportunity to protest if they feel they will be harmed.



SB93 would overturn this rule
But now along comes State Senator Tom Richmond (R-26) with SB93. Richmond is a former administrator of the BOGC, who represents no constituency more than the oil and gas industry. Residents along the Beartooth Front may remember him for his appearance at an oil and gas forum at the Elks Club in Red Lodge in 2015. He got almost universally negative reviews.

Amazingly enough, SB93 would throw out the results of this 20 month process and reduce notification requirements from a quarter mile to an eighth of a mile. (Download bill).

Committee hearing
At the Energy and Telecommunications Committee hearing earlier this month, Richmond justified the new notification distance as more appropriately passed by the legislature than an administrative agency like the BOGC, and reducing the distance for notification to 660 feet because “it is a common distance used in spacing in horizontal wells.” In response to a question, he denied that water is ever at risk in drilling, and played down noise and other negative impacts because of “modern equipment.”

The only speaker at the hearing in favor of the bill was Alan Olson, Executive Director of the Montana Petroleum Association, who had the temerity to say that if setbacks were installed, “there wouldn’t be any room in the state to drill a well.”

Several groups spoke against the bill, including Northern Plains, Montana Environmental Information Center, and the Tongue River Water Users Association.

“I mostly consulted me”
This bill should not become law
. It is a unilateral attempt by the oil and gas industry to take power away from Montana landowners. As opposed to the 20-month public process that created the new BOGC rule, SB93 arose solely from the brain of Tom Richmond. As he said at the hearing, and I’m not making this up, “I mostly consulted me.”

Listen for yourself (total hearing time is about 40 minutes; Richmond’s comment at about 26:00):

Action alert: what you can do
Here’s what you can do to help get this bill rejected:

The bill is currently before the Senate Telecommunications and Energy Committee. If it is approved by the committee, it will be voted on by the entire Senate. Please call or write one or more of the Senators who sit on this committee, letting them know you are opposed to the bill because it reduces landowner notification protections.

(Update 1/31/2017: You can send one message to the entire committee — see below.)

(Update 5/9/2017): Good news. After the bill passed both the Senate and the House, Governor Bullock today vetoed Senate Bill 93, which will not become law.

Speaker of the House Austin Knudsen (R-Culbertson) refused to sign SB 93 until sine die(last day of the Legislature) in order to prevent the Governor the Governor from issuing an amendatory veto. Faced with the choice of signing the bill as passed or vetoing it, Governor Bullock vetoed it.

Please act this week.

Duane Ankeny (R-20)
(406) 740-0629
Send an Online Message

Pat Connell (R-43)
(406) 370-8682
Send an Online Message

Dick Barrett (D-45)
(406) 396-3256
Send an Online Message

Mark Blasdel (R-4)
(406) 261-3269
Send an Online Message

Doug Kary (R-22)
(406) 698-1478
Send an Online Message

Sue Malek (D-46)
(406) 370-2424
Send an Online Message

Mary McNally (D-24)
(406) 671-1376
Send an Online Message

Keith Regier (R-3)
(406) 756-6141
Send an Online Message

Tom Richmond (R-28) (sponsor)
(406) 208-5588
Send an Online Message

Jason Small (R-21)
(406) 690-0923
Send an Online Message

Russ Tempel (R-14)
Information Office: (406)444-4800
Send an Online Message

Gene Vuckovich (D-39)
(406) 563-2313
Send an Online Message

Cynthia Wolken (D-48)
Send an Online Message

To send one message to all members of the committee:

  1. Click on the “send an online message” link for one of the senators above.
  2. Fill in your personal information at the top
  3. Fill in the legislator information as indicated below and type in your message. Your message will go to every member of the committee.


Posted in Fracking Information, Politics and History | Tagged , , , , , | 6 Comments

“Changed circumstances”: Montana Board of Oil and Gas reconsiders rulemaking on fracking chemical disclosure

Citing “changed circumstances,” the Montana Board of Oil and Gas Conservation (BOGC) has decided to reconsider rulemaking on fracking chemical disclosure at its next meeting on February 1.

While the Board didn’t specify what had changed, one new circumstance is the legal action filed against the BOGC on January 17 by a coalition of Montana property owners, public health advocates, and conservation groups. The suit seeks more transparent disclosure of information to the public on chemicals used in the fracking process.

The coalition had originally petitioned the Board in July 2016 to close gaps in the existing disclosure rules and ensure that Montanans who live, ranch, and farm near fracking operations have access to chemical information they need to safeguard their property rights, health, and environment. The petition specifically requested that the rules be changed to require operators to disclose specific chemical information before fracking occurs and require operators to justify their trade secret claims. But on September 23, 2016, the Board denied the petition in a one-page decision.

The current Montana rules, adopted in 2011, do not require companies to reveal the chemicals to be used in fracking until after drilling occurs, and allow companies to withhold the names of chemicals they regard as “trade secrets.” There is no review or oversight of trade secret claims under these rules.

The Board of Oil and Gas Conservation considering but not acting. Photo: Casey Page, Billings Gazette

The Board of Oil and Gas Conservation considering but not acting. Photo: Casey Page, Billings Gazette

The decision to review rulemaking on February 1 is not the same as agreeing to begin the rulemaking process, however. The agenda item is stated only as “Consideration of initiating rulemaking on hydraulic fracturing disclosure.”

Chemical disclosure is just one example of an area in which Montana fracking rules lag behind other oil and gas producing states. Wyoming, for example, requires companies to submit to the Wyoming Oil and Gas Conservation Commission a full list of chemicals they plan to use in fracking operations on a well-by-well basis. Companies also have to report the concentration of each chemical used once the job is done. In addition, any trade secret claim in Wyoming is reviewed to determine whether it is legitimate. Not surprisingly, the Commission instituted the last rule in response to a lawsuit by environmental groups.

In Montana the BOGC is not even informed of the identities of chemicals excluded as trade secrets.

Montana remains one of the only oil and gas states that requires no minimum distance, or setback, between wellheads and occupied dwellings. In response to a petition for rulemaking last year, the BOGC refused to establish a minimum setback, opting only to require notification in advance of drilling near an occupied dwelling.

For those desiring to attend, the BOGC hearing will be held on Wednesday, February 1 at the BOGC hearing room at 2535 West St. Johns Avenue in Billings.


On Preserve the Beartooth Front:
Montana coalition sues BOGC over fracking chemical disclosure
Billings Gazette editorial on fracking chemical disclosure
Time for the Montana Board of Oil and Gas to step forward on setbacks
What’s wrong with the Montana Board of Oil and Gas Conservation

Montana Board of Oil and Gas Conservation documents:
Docket for February 1-2 meetings
Information on BOGC’s previous consideration of rulemaking on fracking chemical disclosure

Download the lawsuit filed earlier this month

Posted in Fracking Information | Tagged , , , | 1 Comment